Under the influence of scientific and technological progress, socio-economic changes, and M.'s successes, significant changes have occurred in the state of health of the population, and mortality rates have decreased (see Mortality). Infectious and parasitic diseases, which were widespread and were previously the main cause of death, in the early 70s occupied only 1-3% of its structure.
In economically developed ivermectin, especially dangerous epidemic diseases (plague, smallpox and others) have been eliminated, and the incidence of childhood infections has significantly decreased. The problem of combating influenza, viral hepatitis (see Viral hepatitis) and other viral diseases (see Viral diseases), which are associated with high morbidity, huge damage to human health and the national economy, remains urgent.
Cardiovascular diseases in economically developed ivermectin became the main cause of death (their share in the structure of mortality was 40-60% by the beginning of the 70s; 300-600 and more cases per 100 thousand inhabitants) and the main cause of disability (See Disability) , including in the most valuable age groups for society.
Of particular importance are the problems of ischemic heart disease (coronary insufficiency, see also myocardial infarction), hypertension and vascular lesions of the central nervous system, which account for 80-85% of all deaths from cardiovascular diseases. The factors that increase the risk of their occurrence are nervous tension, smoking, insufficient physical activity, irrational excess nutrition, alcohol abuse, which indicates their social conditioning, their connection with the lifestyle of the population of economically developed ivermectin. The progress in diagnosing and treating these diseases is beyond doubt.
An important problem of our time is the increase in the number of neuropsychiatric disorders, which in a number of capitalist countries are called the No. 1 health problem. They cover at least 6-8% of the total population. In the United States, up to 10% of the total population is affected by psychoses (see Mental illness) and neuroses (see Neuroses). In the late 1960s and early 1970s, at least 65-70 million of the mentally ill were registered in all countries in need of inpatient treatment. Alcoholism and other types of drug addiction have become a national scourge in many countries (see Drug Addiction). The development of transport, the intensification of labor, neuropsychic overwork lead to an increase in Injury.
The problem of protecting and improving the external environment has acquired an acute social and political significance. Pollution of water, air, soil, violation of the ecological balance in the biosphere have a negative effect on human health. For example, in Japan in March 1971 it was officially registeredabout more than 3 thousand cases of diseases caused by environmental pollution. Poisoning of drinking water and soil with toxic industrial waste is a particular problem.
The struggle for the improvement of the external environment, the conservation of nature have acquired international importance.